Healthy lifestyle and peaceful mind is not something people can expect in this fast moving world. To stay healthy and prevent the most common disease from affecting your body, you need to know how the heart works. The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood to the body. The heart consists of right and left sides. This division separates the oxygen-rich blood from the oxygen-poor blood. All the valves in the heart open and close each time you breathe. There are different types of cardiovascular diseases. Heart disease can be caused due to heart or blood vessel problems like building up of fatty plaques in the arteries, lack of flexibility and strength of the arteries.
Causes of Heart Disease:
Lots of pressure in the arteries can cause them to become stiff and thick. This hardening of the arteries is known as Atherosclerosis and can restrict the blood flow to other organs and tissues in the body. Unhealthy diets, lack of exercise, obesity or smoking are the main risk factors for this disease.
Heart Arrhythmia is caused by abnormal heart rhythms. The conditions that result in this abnormality are drug abuse, coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects (birth defects), diabetes, smoking, drug abuse, stress, high blood pressure, consumption of alcohol or caffeine (excessive), valvular heart disease, few over-the-counter medication, dietary supplements, herbal remedies and prescription medications.
Pericarditis, myocarditis and endocarditis are developed when bacterium, chemicals or virus reach the heart muscle. The most common causes of heart infections include:
Bacteria: When a number of bacteria enter the bloodstream, endocarditis is caused. The bacteria can enter while eating food or brushing teeth. It is extremely important to keep your teeth clean all the time. Also avoid outside food to prevent these diseases.
Medication: Medicines that cause a toxic or allergic reaction. Illegal drugs, some antibiotics like sulfonamide drugs and penicillin can cause heart infections
Inflammation of blood vessels, other inflammatory conditions, lupus, tissue disorders can also cause heart infections.