Health care providers now know that the key to a healthy pregnancy for a woman with diabetes is keeping blood glucose (sugar) in the target range—both before she is pregnant and during her pregnancy. Pregnancy is often a time of great highs and lows. It can be awesome and thrilling—when you hear the baby’s heartbeat or feel the first tiny kick. It can also be frustrating and even scary. Your meal plan for diabetes needs to be modified when you are pregnant. The total amount of energy you need from food is based on your pre-pregnancy weight, age, activity level, and whether you are carrying more than one baby.
Diabetes occurs when your body can’t produce enough of a hormone called insulin. Insulin is made by your pancreas, and it does two jobs:
a. regulating the amount of sugar available in your blood for energy
b. enabling any sugar that isn’t needed to be stored